In the Name of Allah, the Most Compassionate, the Most Merciful.
1. Say: 'I seek refuge with the Lord of mankind,
2. 'The King of mankind,
3. 'The God of mankind,
This Surah explains three attributes of Allah. He gives sustenance to mankind, He is independent and He is worthy of worship. All things are created by Him, possessed by Him, and obedient to Him. He commands anyone who wants refuge to seek in it the Lord who has these attributes.
4. 'From the evil of the whisperer,
Satan tempts people to commit sins as he makes evil attractive to men. Only Allah can grant protection from the evil of Satan. Satan puts his hand on the heart of man. If he celebrates the remembrance of Allah he removes his hand and if he forgets Allah, Satan overcomes his heart fully. This is the 'evil of the whisperer.' "
5. 'Who whispers in the breasts of mankind.
6. 'Of jinn and men.'
The expression "Who whispers in the breasts of mankind" may be interpreted in two ways. One interpretation is that Satan whispers in the chests of people belonging to the human race or the race of jinn. The other interpretation is that the devils from among the human race and the jinn whisper in the chests of other people. At another place Allah says:
"And so We appointed for every Prophet an enemy - devils among mankind and jinn, inspiring one another with adorned speech as a delusion ... " [Al-Anaam 112]
M. S. H. Sadraei