School of Foreign Languages

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A Brief Discussion of Humaza Surat

Wednesday, 12 August 2015، 11:43 PM

In the name of God

Humaza Surah                                                                                                                                 Homework no.4        

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَنِ الرَّحِیمِ    وَیْلٌ لِّکُلّ‏ هُمَزَةٍ لُّمَزَةٍ(1) الَّذِى جَمَعَ مَالًا وَ عَدَّدَهُ(2) یحَسَبُ أَنَّ مَالَهُ أَخْلَدَهُ(3) کلاَّ لَیُنبَذَنَّ فىِ الحْطَمَةِ(4)  وَ مَا أَدْرَئکَ مَا الحْطَمَةُ(5)

 نَارُ اللَّهِ الْمُوقَدَةُ(6) الَّتىِ تَطَّلِعُ عَلىَ الْأَفْدَةِ(7)  إِنهَّا عَلَیهْم مُّؤْصَدَةٌ(8) فىِ عَمَدٍ مُّمَدَّدَةِ (9)

Humaza Surah is 104th Surah, Makki with 9 verses. It is a Sever threat to who collects property. Moreover the Surah mentions collector’s character as scandal-monger and backbiter; He thinks property makes him last forever. This Surah explains its words by itself. First verse is Sever threat to “Homaza” and “Lomaza”. Second and third verses are introduction of “Homaza” and “Lomaza”. Forth verse explains the results of “Hamz” and “Lamz” with “Hotama” description. Fifth and sixth verses explain “Hotama” by “Naro Allah”. The last verses 7th, 8th and 9th introduce “Naro Allah”. Generally Surah speaks about Social-Economical matters.

Homaza Surah starts with the word “Vail” (woe). Vail means “how awful, calamity and misfortune!” To understand these meanings, we should return to Quran. In Quran the word Vail repeated more than 25 times. Some of these are:

-       فَوَیْلٌ لِّلَّذِینَ یَکْتُبُونَ الْکِتَابَ بِأَیْدِیهِمْ ثُمَّ یَقُولُونَ هَاذَا مِنْ عِندِ اللَّهِ لِیَشْترَواْ بِهِ ثَمَنًا قَلِیلًا فَوَیْلٌ لَّهُم مِّمَّا کَتَبَتْ أَیْدِیهِمْ وَ وَیْلٌ لَّهُم مِّمَّا یَکْسِبُونَ(79)Bagare

-       اللَّهِ الَّذِى لَهُ مَا فىِ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَ مَا فىِ الْأَرْضِ وَ وَیْلٌ لِّلْکَافِرِینَ مِنْ عَذَابٍ شَدِیدٍ(2)Ebrahim

-       فَاخْتَلَفَ الْأَحْزَابُ مِن بَیْنهِمْ فَوَیْلٌ لِّلَّذِینَ کَفَرُواْ مِن مَّشهْدِ یَوْمٍ عَظِیمٍ(37)Maryam

-       وَ مَا خَلَقْنَا السَّمَاءَ وَ الْأَرْضَ وَ مَا بَیْنهَمَا بَاطِلًا ذَالِکَ ظَنُّ الَّذِینَ کَفَرُواْ فَوَیْلٌ لِّلَّذِینَ کَفَرُواْ مِنَ النَّارِ(27)Sad

-       أَ فَمَن شَرَحَ اللَّهُ صَدْرَهُ لِلْاسْلَمِ فَهُوَ عَلىَ‏ نُورٍ مِّن رَّبِّهِ فَوَیْلٌ لِّلْقَاسِیَةِ قُلُوبهُم مِّن ذِکْرِ اللَّهِ أُوْلَئکَ فىِ ضَلَالٍ مُّبِینٍ(22)Zomar

-       قُلْ إِنَّمَا أَنَا بَشَرٌ مِّثْلُکمُ‏ یُوحَى إِلىَ‏ أَنَّمَا إِلَاهُکمُ‏ إِلَاهٌ وَاحِدٌ فَاسْتَقِیمُواْ إِلَیْهِ وَ اسْتَغْفِرُوهُ وَ وَیْلٌ لِّلْمُشْرِکِینَ(6)Foselat

-       فَاخْتَلَفَ الْأَحْزَابُ مِن بَیْنهِمْ فَوَیْلٌ لِّلَّذِینَ ظَلَمُواْ مِنْ عَذَابِ یَوْمٍ أَلِیمٍ(65)Zokhrof

-       وَیْلٌ لِّکلُ‏ أَفَّاکٍ أَثِیمٍ(7)Jathye

-       فَوَیْلٌ لِّلَّذِینَ کَفَرُواْ مِن یَوْمِهِمُ الَّذِى یُوعَدُونَ(60)zariyat

-       فَوَیْلٌ یَوْمَئذٍ لِّلْمُکَذِّبِینَ(11)Tour

-       وَیْلٌ یَوْمَئذٍ لِّلْمُکَذِّبِینَ(15,24 ,19, 28, 34, 37, 40, 45, 47, 49)Morsalat , (10) Motafafin

-       وَیْلٌ لِّلْمُطَفِّفِینَ(1)Motafafin

-      فَوَیْلٌ لِّلْمُصَلِّین (4)الَّذِینَ هُمْ عَن صَلَاتهِمْ سَاهُونَ(5) الَّذِینَ هُمْ یُرَاءُونَ(6) وَ یَمْنَعُونَ الْمَاعُونَ(7) Mauon

Briefly we can say, the word Vail has been used in Quran for: Disbelievers, those whose hearts have been hardened to the remembrance of Allah, polytheists, wrongdoers (those who were unjust), every sinful liar, deniers (rejecters) on that day, sellers who deal in fraud and finally who pray but are heedless of their prayers, show off and deny aid. It shows “Vail” is used for the states that are established and repeated.

“Vail” (woe) sets to every kind of backbiter (Homaza and taunter (Lomaza). These are the people with these two states as their characters. These persons collect and count their property (wealth). Since their wrong delusion about lasting forever, they are not satisfied with the required amount of money or other type of properties. So they gather money and feel independent. Insurgency starts with domination of others.

Nay! Verily, he will surely cast into the crusher “Hotamah”. It is an ablaze fire which has been kindled by Allah's Wrath. The flames are overspread the hearts of disbelievers, Verily, it shall enclose the disbelievers tightly, in the pillars of flames which are tall and stretched.

The result of each action produces genetically. So the type of fire in the hereafter, depends on the world's action. Burning others hearts in this world leads to the flames which aims the hearts.

N. Albeheshti

  • Foreign Language School

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