School of Foreign Languages

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A Brief Discussion of Ensherah Surah

Thursday, 10 September 2015، 12:15 AM

In the Name of God

Homework No. 7                                                                                               A brief discussion of Ensherah surah

سورة انشراح

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَنِ الرَّحِیمِ * أَ لَمْ نَشْرَحْ لَکَ صَدْرَکَ(1) وَ وَضَعْنَا عَنکَ وِزْرَکَ(2) الَّذِى أَنقَضَ ظَهْرَکَ(3) وَ رَفَعْنَا لَکَ ذِکْرَکَ(4) فَإِنَّ مَعَ الْعُسْرِ یُسْرًا(5) إِنَّ مَعَ الْعُسْرِ یُسْرًا(6) فَإِذَا فَرَغْتَ فَانصَبْ(7) وَ إِلىَ‏ رَبِّکَ فَارْغَب(8)

Ensherah Surah begins with 4 questions, continues by 1 rule and 2 imperatives. The first 4 questions are similar to 3 questions of Zoha surah.

]أَ لَمْ یجَدْکَ یَتِیمًا فَاوَى‏(6) وَ وَجَدَکَ ضَالاًّ فَهَدَى‏(7) وَ وَجَدَکَ عَائلًا فَأَغْنىَ‏(8)[

All questions in these 2 surahs are hopeful: Did we not expand your Breast? And did we not increase your tolerance against the difficulties? Did we not take away from you the burden of your misson? And we did raise fame for your name.

The important rule is “with every straitened circumstances there is a relief.” Two imperatives are, “when you are free from your duties pick a new one” and “effort should be in Allah direction”.

Alike Zoha surah there are antonym words in Ensherah: Breast and back (Sadr and zahr), Difficulty and easiness (Osr and yosr), ending and begining (Faragha and nasaba).

Considering the questions of Zoha and Enshrah surah, we can reach to the Allah rule that is “with every difficulty there is an easiness.”

Human beings should accept difficulty in the world life, but also should know each difficulty accompanied by easiness. They usually choose easiness without attention to the fact that after difficulty is easiness. Emphasize on this rule in this surah shows disbelief of humans. This causes choosing wrong between benefit and loss.

N. Albeheshti


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