School of Foreign Languages

This school plans to introduce Quranic concepts to people familiar to foreign languages and train talented translators, preachers and educators in order to introduce Quran worldwide to the ones we have responsibility for...

A Brief Discussion of Abas Sura

Thursday, 17 September 2015، 12:13 AM

In the name of God

Homework no. 8                                                                                                  A Brief Discussion of Abas Surah


سورة عبس

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَنِ الرَّحِیمِ * عَبَسَ وَ تَوَلىَّ(1) أَن جَاءَهُ الْأَعْمَى‏(2)وَ مَا یُدْرِیکَ لَعَلَّهُ یَزَّکىَّ(3) أَوْ یَذَّکَّرُ فَتَنفَعَهُ الذِّکْرَى(4) أَمَّا مَنِ اسْتَغْنىَ‏(5) فَأَنتَ لَهُ تَصَدَّى‏(6) وَ مَا عَلَیْکَ أَلَّا یَزَّکىَ‏(7) وَ أَمَّا مَن جَاءَکَ یَسْعَى‏(8) وَ هُوَ یخَشىَ‏(9) فَأَنتَ عَنْهُ تَلَهَّى‏(10) کلاَّ إِنهَّا تَذْکِرَةٌ(11) فَمَن شَاءَ ذَکَرَهُ(12) فىِ صحُفٍ مُّکَرَّمَةٍ(13) مَّرْفُوعَةٍ مُّطَهَّرَةِ (14) بِأَیْدِى سَفَرَةٍ(15) کِرَامِ بَرَرَةٍ(16) قُتِلَ الْانسَانُ مَا أَکْفَرَهُ(17) مِنْ أَىّ‏ شىَ‏ءٍ خَلَقَهُ(18) مِن نُّطْفَةٍ خَلَقَهُ فَقَدَّرَهُ(19) ثُمَّ السَّبِیلَ یَسَّرَهُ(20) ثمُ‏ أَمَاتَهُ فَأَقْبرَهُ(21) ثمُ‏ إِذَا شَاءَ أَنشَرَهُ(22) کلاَّ لَمَّا یَقْضِ مَا أَمَرَهُ(23) فَلْیَنظُرِ الْانسَانُ إِلىَ‏ طَعَامِهِ(24) أَنَّا صَبَبْنَا الْمَاءَ صَبًّا(25) ثمُ‏ شَقَقْنَا الْأَرْضَ شَقًّا(26) فَأَنبَتْنَا فِیهَا حَبًّا(27) وَ عِنَبًا وَ قَضْبًا(28) وَ زَیْتُونًا وَ نخَلًا(29) وَ حَدَائقَ غُلْبًا(30) وَ فَاکِهَةً وَ أَبًّا(31) مَّتَاعًا لَّکمُ‏ وَ لِأَنْعَامِکمُ‏(32) فَإِذَا جَاءَتِ الصَّاخَّةُ(3 یَوْمَ یَفِرُّ المْرْءُ مِنْ أَخِیهِ(34) وَ أُمِّهِ وَ أَبِیهِ(35) وَ صَحِبَتِهِ وَ بَنِیهِ(36) لِکلُ‏ امْرِىٍ مِّنهْمْ یَوْمَئذٍ شَأْنٌ یُغْنِیهِ(37) وُجُوهٌ یَوْمَئذٍ مُّسْفِرَةٌ(38) ضَاحِکَةٌ مُّسْتَبْشِرَةٌ(39) وَ وُجُوهٌ یَوْمَئذٍ عَلَیهْا غَبرَةٌ(40) تَرْهَقُهَا قَترَةٌ(41) أُوْلَئکَ هُمُ الْکَفَرَةُ الْفَجَرَة (42)


Abas surah is about refinement and training. The whole verses are encountering (facing). The key words in Abas surah are frown, turning away, coming, blind, knowing, piety, reminding, reminder, self-sufficiency, paying attention, earnestly, fears, not attentive, honorable, purified, denying the truth, creation, bright faces, laughing and rejoicing and lastly distress. As you can see most of these words are the configurations attribute to the face of relationships with others. Abas surah teaches having good relationship considering humility and politeness. Level of people especially poor or wealthy, should not affects the relations.

During the destiny of birth and death, flourishing and growth are required. God sends water to pierce the hard earth’s crust and grow the grains. Quran does the same with our heart.


N. Albeheshti


  • Foreign Language School

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